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Periodontal Links to Systemic Disease

March 29, 2020

Periodontal disease refers to inflammatory processes in tissues surrounding the teeth, in response to bacterial accumulations, aka dental plaque, on the teeth.

 

Anaerobic bacteria found in invasive microbial plaque can penetrate gingival tissues in the gums. When this happens, it can induce tissue destruction as well as inflammatory responses from cells such as lymphocytes, macrophages, leukocytes, and other cells with crazy names that are associated with the immune system. These cells act to protect your body from foreign pathogens.

 

Periodontal disease itself is treatable through surgical procedures that involve removing plaque and tartar from the teeth and root surfaces. The professional team of dentists at ALERIS SALEM DENTAL CENTER in Salem, MA can help you, just book your consultation.

 

A growing body of literature suggests that there is a link between periodontitis and systemic diseases. These diseases include cardiovascular disease, gastrointestinal and colorectal cancer, diabetes and insulin resistance, and Alzheimer's disease, as well as respiratory tract infection and adverse pregnancy outcomes. The presence of periodontal pathogens and their metabolic by-products in the mouth may in fact modulate the immune response beyond the oral cavity, thus promoting the development of systemic conditions.

According to the American Academy of Periodontology, research has shown that periodontal disease is associated with several other diseases. For a long time it was thought that bacteria was the factor that linked periodontal disease to other disease in the body; however, more recent research demonstrates that inflammation may be responsible for the association. Therefore, treating inflammation may not only help manage periodontal diseases but may also help with the management of other chronic inflammatory conditions: diabetes, heart disease, other diseases.

 

A growing body of evidence in the literature shows the direct and indirect impact of periodontal pathogens on overall health. Recent epidemiological, clinical and experimental studies support the relationship between bacteremia or inflammation due to periodontal disease and systemic disease.

 

Periodontitis is not just a disease of the oral cavity. It has links to serious systemic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cancer. Although, we don’t fully understand the exact mechanisms involved, here is one thing we do know: taking care of your teeth and gums is just as important as taking care of the rest of your body.

 

It is already clear that management of periodontal disease and proper oral care can positively impact the morbidity, mortality, and health care costs associated with non-oral systemic diseases. If you would like us to assess your oral health, you can always book your consultation with our experienced dentists at ALERIS SALEM DENTAL CENTER in Salem, MA.