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Victoria Ramos – D.M.D.  at Aleris Salem Dental Center
Elena Siniaver – D.M.D.  at Aleris Salem Dental Center

How A Dental Check-Up Can Spot Gum Disease

Why is smiling important? Smiling offers a mood boost and helps our bodies release cortisol and endorphins, which provide numerous health benefits. Oral care is a crucial aspect of overall health. A dental check-up plays a vital role in preventing gum disease by enabling early detection, providing professional cleaning, and offering personalized oral health advice.

Dental Checkup is Important to Spot Gum Disease

Here's how a dental check-up can help spot gum disease:

  • Early Detection: Regular dental check-ups allow dentists to identify the early signs of gum disease, such as gingivitis, before it progresses into more severe forms like periodontitis. Detecting gum disease early means it can be treated promptly and effectively, preventing further damage to the gums. During a routine dental check-up, the dentist or dental hygienist will visually examine your mouth. They will look for signs of redness, swelling, and abnormal gum tissue changes. Healthy gums should be pink and firm, whereas gum disease can cause them to appear red, puffy, and even bleed easily.

  • Professional Cleaning: A dental cleaning (scaling and polishing) is performed during a dental check-up. This process removes plaque and tartar buildup, which are significant contributors to gum disease. Even with excellent oral hygiene at home, some plaque can still accumulate in hard-to-reach areas, leading to gum inflammation. Professional cleaning helps to remove these deposits, reducing the risk of gum disease.

  • Education and Prevention: Dentists and dental hygienists use dental check-ups to educate patients about proper oral hygiene techniques, including brushing, flossing, and using mouthwash. They can demonstrate the correct procedures and offer personalized advice based on the patient's unique dental needs.

  • Monitoring Risk Factors: Dental check-ups involve reviewing your medical history and lifestyle factors that may contribute to gum disease. By understanding these risk factors, the dentist can guide how to manage them effectively. For example, smoking and certain medical conditions can increase the risk of gum disease, so the dentist may recommend strategies to quit smoking or manage the medical condition better.

  • Customized Oral Care Plan: Following the check-up, the dentist can create a personalized oral care plan based on your specific needs and concerns. This plan may include recommendations for specific dental products, the frequency of dental visits, and any necessary treatments to address existing oral health issues.

  • Regular Monitoring: Regular dental check-ups become even more critical for individuals with a higher risk of gum disease or those who have had gum disease in the past. Consistent monitoring ensures that any changes in the gums or oral health are detected early, leading to timely intervention and prevention of further complications.

  • Probing Depths: The dentist may use a periodontal probe, a tiny measuring instrument, to check the spaces (periodontal pockets) between your teeth and gums. In healthy gums, these pockets are shallow, usually 1 to 3 millimeters deep. However, if you have gum disease, these pockets can become more profound and measure more than 3 millimeters, indicating the presence of periodontal disease.

  • X-rays: X-rays can reveal the condition of the bone supporting your teeth, which is vital for assessing gum health. Advanced gum disease can lead to bone loss around the teeth, which can be detected on X-rays.

Combining all these methods, a dental check-up can effectively spot gum disease at various stages, from mild gingivitis to more advanced periodontitis. Early detection is crucial as it allows for proper treatment to prevent the disease from progressing and causing irreversible damage to your gums and teeth. If gum disease is detected, your dentist will recommend an appropriate treatment plan to help manage and improve your oral health. By visiting your dentist for regular check-ups, you can maintain optimal oral health and significantly reduce the risk of developing gum disease.


Our mission at Aleris Salem Dental Center is to give you a smile you will love for a lifetime! Call us at (855) 745-0055 and schedule your consultation with the best dentists in Salem, MA!


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